|United States Senator
January 8, 2019
Serving with Marco Rubio
|Preceded by||Bill Nelson|
|45th Governor of Florida|
January 4, 2011 – January 7, 2019[a]
|Preceded by||Charlie Crist|
|Succeeded by||Ron DeSantis|
Richard Lynn Myers
December 1, 1952
Ann Holland (m. 1972)
|Education||University of Missouri–Kansas City (BA)
Southern Methodist University (JD)
|Net worth||$255 million (2018)|
|Branch/service||United States Navy|
|Years of service||1971–1974|
|Rank||Petty officer third class|
|Unit||USS Glover (FF-1098)|
Richard Lynn Scott (né Myers, December 1, 1952) is an American businessman and politician, serving as the junior United States senator from Florida since 2019. He served as the 45th governor of Florida from 2011 to 2019.
Born in Bloomington, Illinois, Scott is a graduate of the University of Missouri, Kansas City, later receiving his law degree from Southern Methodist University‘s Dedman School of Law. In 1987, after serving in the United States Navy and becoming a law firm partner, he co-founded Columbia Hospital Corporation. Columbia later merged with another corporation to form Columbia/HCA, which eventually became the largest private for-profit health care company in the United States.
Scott was pressured to resign as chief executive of Columbia/HCA in 1997. During his tenure as chief executive, the company defrauded Medicare, Medicaid and other federal programs. The Department of Justice ultimately fined the company in what was at the time the largest health care fraud settlement in U.S. history. Scott was never charged with any crime. Following his departure from Columbia/HCA, Scott became a venture capitalist and pursued other business interests.
Scott ran for Governor of Florida in 2010. He defeated Bill McCollum in the vigorously contested Republican primary election, then narrowly defeated Democratic nominee Alex Sink in the general election, spending roughly $75 million of his own money in the process. Scott was re-elected in 2014, defeating former governor Charlie Crist. Scott was barred by term limits from running for re-election in 2018.
On April 9, 2018, Scott announced his candidacy in the 2018 United States Senate election in Florida, vying for the seat held by incumbent Democrat Bill Nelson. A machine recount of the race was completed on November 15 and a manual recount was completed on November 18, confirming Scott’s lead. On November 18, Nelson conceded and Scott was declared the winner. Scott took office on January 8, 2019, after his term as Governor expired.
- 1 Early life, family, education, and early career
- 2 Career in health care
- 3 Venture capitalist career
- 4 Political career
- 4.1 Conservatives for Patients’ Rights
- 4.2 Florida gubernatorial campaigns
- 4.3 Governor of Florida
- 4.3.1 Economy
- 4.3.2 Transportation
- 4.3.3 Drug testing for welfare recipients
- 4.3.4 Health care
- 4.3.5 Medical marijuana
- 4.3.6 Environment
- 4.3.7 Redistricting amendments
- 4.3.8 Death penalty
- 4.3.9 Gun laws
- 4.3.10 Hurricane Irma
- 4.3.11 Voting rights
- 4.3.12 Immigration and refugees
- 4.3.13 Education
- 4.3.14 Donald Trump
- 4.4 U.S. Senate
- 5 Net worth and investments
- 6 Awards and honors
- 7 Notes
- 8 References
- 9 External links
Early life, family, education, and early career
Rick Scott was born Richard Lynn Myers in Bloomington, Illinois on December 1, 1952. Scott has never met his biological father, Gordon William Myers, who was described by his mother, Esther J. Scott (née Fry; October 20, 1928 – November 13, 2012), as an abusive alcoholic. Scott’s parents divorced in his infancy.
In 1954, his mother married Orba George Scott Jr. (died 2006), a truck driver. Orba adopted young “Rick”, who took his stepfather’s surname and became known as Richard Lynn Scott. Scott was raised in North Kansas City, Missouri, the second of five children. His family was lower-middle-class and struggled financially; Esther Scott worked as a clerk at J. C. Penney, among other jobs.
Scott graduated from North Kansas City High School in 1970. He then attended one year of community college and enlisted in the United States Navy, also in 1970. Scott was in the US Navy for 29 months and served on the USS Glover (FF-1098) as a radar technician.
On April 20, 1972, Scott, then aged 19, married his high school sweetheart, Frances Annette Holland (born February 11, 1952), who was 20 years old. The couple has two daughters and six grandsons. The couple lives in Naples and are founding members of Naples Community Church.
Scott attended college on the GI Bill, graduating from the University of Missouri–Kansas City with a Bachelor of Business Administration degree. He earned a Juris Doctor degree by working his way through Southern Methodist University. He was licensed by the Texas Bar to practice law on November 6, 1978.
Scott made his first foray into business while working his way through college and law school, initially buying and reviving a failing doughnut shop (the Flavor Maid Do-Nut) by adding workplace delivery instead of relying on foot traffic. He later bought and revived another doughnut shop.
Following his graduation from law school, Scott worked as an attorney at the law firm of Johnson & Swanson in Dallas, Texas.
Career in health care
Columbia Hospital Corporation
In 1988, Scott and Richard Rainwater, a financier from Fort Worth, each put up $125,000 in working capital in their new company, Columbia Hospital Corporation, and borrowed the remaining money needed to purchase two struggling hospitals in El Paso for $60 million. Then they acquired a neighboring hospital and shut it down. Within a year, the remaining two were doing much better. By the end of 1989, Columbia Hospital Corporation owned four hospitals with a total of 833 beds.
In 1992, Columbia made a stock purchase of Basic American Medical, which owned eight hospitals, primarily in southwestern Florida. In September 1993, Columbia did another stock purchase, worth $3.4 billion, of Galen Healthcare, which had been spun off by Humana Inc. several months earlier. At the time, Galen had approximately 90 hospitals. After the purchase, Galen stockholders had 82 percent of the stock in the combined company, with Scott still running the company.
In April 1987, Scott made his first attempt to buy the Hospital Corporation of America (HCA). While still a partner at Johnson & Swanson, Scott formed the HCA Acquisition Company with two former executives of Republic Health Corporation, Charles Miller and Richard Ragsdale. With financing from Citicorp conditional on acquisition of HCA, the proposed holding company offered $3.85 billion for 80 million shares at $47 each, intending to assume an additional $1.2 billion in debt, for a total $5 billion deal. However, HCA declined the offer, and the bid was withdrawn.
In 1994, Columbia Hospital Corporation merged with HCA, “forming the single largest for-profit health care company in the country.” Scott became CEO of Columbia/HCA. According to The New York Times, “[in] less than a decade, Mr. Scott had built a company he founded with two small hospitals in El Paso into the world’s largest health care company – a $20 billion giant with about 350 hospitals, 550 home health care offices and score of other medical businesses in 38 states.”
On March 19, 1997, investigators from the Federal Bureau of Investigation, the Internal Revenue Service and the Department of Health and Human Services served search warrants at Columbia/HCA facilities in El Paso and on dozens of doctors with suspected ties to the company. Eight days after the initial raid, Scott signed his last SEC report as a hospital executive. Four months later, the board of directors pressured Scott to resign as Chairman and CEO. He was succeeded by Thomas F. Frist Jr. Scott was paid $9.88 million in a settlement, and left owning 10 million shares of stock worth over $350 million. The directors had been warned in the company’s annual public reports to stockholders that incentives Columbia/HCA offered doctors could run afoul of a federal anti-kickback law passed in order to limit or eliminate instances of conflicts of interest in Medicare and Medicaid.
During Scott’s 2000 deposition, he pled the fifth many times. In settlements reached in 2000 and 2002, Columbia/HCA pleaded guilty to 14 felonies and agreed to a $600+ million fine in what was at the time the largest health care fraud settlement in American history. Columbia/HCA admitted systematically overcharging the government by claiming marketing costs as reimbursable, by striking illegal deals with home care agencies, and by filing false data about use of hospital space. They also admitted fraudulently billing Medicare and other health programs by inflating the seriousness of diagnoses and to giving doctors partnerships in company hospitals as a kickback for the doctors referring patients to HCA. They filed false cost reports, fraudulently billing Medicare for home health care workers, and paid kickbacks in the sale of home health agencies and to doctors to refer patients. In addition, they gave doctors “loans” never intending to be repaid, free rent, free office furniture, and free drugs from hospital pharmacies.
In late 2002, HCA agreed to pay the United States government $631 million, plus interest, and pay $17.5 million to state Medicaid agencies, in addition to $250 million paid up to that point to resolve outstanding Medicare expense claims. In all, civil lawsuits cost HCA more than $2 billion to settle; at the time, this was the largest fraud settlement in American history.
Venture capitalist career
After his departure from Columbia/HCA in 1997, Scott launched Richard L. Scott Investments, based in Naples, Florida (originally in Stamford, Connecticut), which has stakes in health care, manufacturing and technology companies. Between 1998 and 2001, Scott purchased 50% of CyberGuard Corporation for approximately $10 million. Among his investors was Metro Nashville finance director David Manning.
In 2006, CyberGuard was sold to Secure Computing for more than $300 million. In February 2005, he purchased Continental Structural Plastics, Inc. (CSP) in Detroit, Michigan. In July 2006, CSP purchased Budd Plastics from ThyssenKrupp, making Continental Structural Plastics the largest industrial composites molder in North America.
In 2005–06, Scott provided the initial round of funding of $3 million to Alijor.com (named for the first three letters of his two daughters’ names), which offered hospitals, physicians, and other health care providers the opportunity to post information about their prices, hours, locations, insurance accepted, and personal backgrounds online. Scott co-founded the company with his daughter Allison.
In 2008, Alijor was sold to HealthGrades. In May 2008, Scott purchased Drives, one of the world’s leading independent designers and manufacturers of heavy-duty drive chain-based products and assemblies for industrial and agricultural applications and precision-engineered augers for agricultural, material handling, construction and related applications. Scott reportedly has an interest in a chain of family fun centers/bowling alleys, S&S Family Entertainment, in Kentucky and Tennessee led by Larry Schmittou, a minor league baseball team owner.
America’s Health Network (AHN)
In July 1997, Columbia/HCA Healthcare purchased a controlling interest in America’s Health Network (AHN), the first 24-hour health care cable channel. They[who?] pulled out of the deal on the day of the closing because Scott and Vanderwater were terminated, which caused the immediate layoffs of more than 250 people in Orlando. Later that same year, Scott became majority owner of AHN.
In 1998, Scott and former Columbia/HCA Healthcare President David Vandewater led a group of investors who gave AHN a major infusion of cash so that the company could continue to operate. By early 1999, the network was available in 9.5 million American homes.
In mid-1999 AHN merged with Fit TV, a subsidiary of Fox; the combination was renamed The Health Network. Later that year, in a deal between News Corp. and WebMD, the latter received half-ownership of The Health Network. WebMD planned to relaunch The Health Network as WebMD Television in the fall of 2000, with new programming, but that company announced cutbacks and restructuring in September 2000, and, in January 2001, News Corp. regained 100% ownership. In September 2001, Fox Cable Networks Group sold The Health Network to its main rival, the Discovery Health Channel, for $155 million in cash plus a 10 percent equity stake in Discovery Health.
Solantic opened its first urgent care center in 2002. It provides urgent care services, immunizations, physicals, drug screening, and care for injured workers. The corporation attracts patients who do not have insurance, cannot get appointments with their primary care physicians, or do not have primary care physicians. Solantic is an alternative to the emergency department care that these types of patients often seek, or for not seeing a doctor at all. In 2006, Scott said that his plans for Solantic were to establish a national brand of medical clinics.
In August 2007, the company received a $40 million investment from a private equity firm and said that it expected to open 35 clinics by the end of 2009, with annual revenues of $100 million once all these clinics were open, compared to $20 million at the time. As of March 2009, Solantic had 24 centers, all located in Florida.
Solantic was the target of an employment discrimination suit, which claimed that there had been a policy to not hire elderly or obese applicants, preferring “mainstream” candidates. It was settled for an undisclosed sum on May 23, 2007. Scott responded to Salon regarding the claims of discrimination pointing out that “currently 53 percent of Solantic’s employees are white, 20 percent black and 17 percent Hispanic.”
In 2003, Scott invested $5.5 million in Pharmaca Integrative Pharmacies, which operates drugstores/pharmacies that offer vitamins, herbal medicine, skin products, homeopathic medicines, and prescriptions.
Scott founded[when?] and managed Naples, Florida-headquartered Novosan, marketer of the Viosan Health Generation food supplements, which have been criticized by alternative medicine critic and Quackwatch webmaster Stephen Barrett as being promoted with non-explicit suggestions that they could cure various diseases when such promotion is violation of federal law.
Conservatives for Patients’ Rights
In February 2009, Scott founded Conservatives for Patients’ Rights (CPR), which he said was intended to put pressure on Democrats to enact health care legislation based on free-market principles. As of March 2009, he had given about $5 million for a planned $20 million ad campaign by CPR.
Florida gubernatorial campaigns
Susie Wiles, former communications chief to Jacksonville Mayor John Peyton, served as his campaign manager, and Tony Fabrizio was his chief pollster. It was reported on May 7 that Scott’s campaign had already spent $4.7 million on television and radio ads. Scott’s first video advertisement was released to YouTube on April 13.
During the primary campaign, Scott’s opponent, Bill McCollum, made an issue of Scott’s role at Columbia/HCA. Scott countered that the FBI had never targeted him. Marc Caputo of the Miami Herald contended that a 1998 bill sponsored by McCollum would have made it more difficult to prosecute Medicare fraud cases, and was counter to his current views and allegations. Scott won the August primary with approximately 47% percent of the vote, compared to 43% voting for McCollum, with McCollum conceding the race after midnight. By the date of the Tampa debate between Scott and Sink (October 25, 2010), Scott had spent $60 million of his own money on the campaign compared to Democratic opponent Alex Sink‘s reported $28 million. Scott campaigned as part of the Tea Party movement.
The Fort Myers News Press quoted Scott as saying in total he spent $78 million of his own money on the campaign, although other figures indicate he spent slightly over $75 million. He won in the general election for Governor of Florida, defeating Sink by around 68,000 votes, or 1.29%. He took office as the 45th Governor of Florida on January 4, 2011.
|Primary Election Results|
|Republican||Rick Scott/Jennifer Carroll||2,619,335||48.9%|
|Democratic||Alex Sink/Rod Smith||2,557,785||47.7%|
|Independent||Peter Allen/John E Zanni||123,831||2.3%|
|No party||Michael E. Arth/Al Krulick||18,644||0.4%|
|No party||Farid Khavari/Darcy G. Richardson||7,487||0.1%|
|No party||C. C. Reed/Larry Waldo, Sr.||18,842||0.4%|
|No party||Daniel Imperato/Karl C.C. Behm||13,690||0.3%|
|No party||Josue Larose/Valencia St Louis (write-in)||121||0.0%|
In October 2011, Scott announced that he would be running for reelection in 2014. His political funding committee, Let’s Get to Work, had raised $28 million for his campaign as of May 2014.
As of early June 2014, Scott had spent almost $13m since March on television adverts attacking former governor Charlie Crist, who then appeared to be the likely Democratic nominee, and who was eventually nominated. The ads resulted in a tightening of the race, mainly due to a decline in Crist’s favorability ratings, while Scott’s favorability ratings did not increase.
By late September 2014, Scott’s television ad spending had exceeded $35m and in mid-October it reached $56.5 million, compared to $26.5 million by Crist. On October 22 it was reported that Scott’s total spending had exceeded $83 million and he announced that, having previously said he would not do so, he would be investing his own money into the campaign, speculated to be as much as $22 million.
Crist hoped to draw strong support from Florida’s more than 1.6 million registered black voters, an effort that was challenging with regards to his previous political career as a Republican. A poll conducted in September 2014 by Quinnipiac University revealed his support among black voters was at 72 percent against Scott, which was well below the 90 percent analysts believed he needed to defeat Scott.
Scott and Crist met in a debate on October 15, held by the Florida Press Association at Broward College. Scott refused to take the stage for seven minutes because Crist had a small electric fan under his lectern. The incident was dubbed “fangate” by media sources such as Politico. On November 4, 2014, Scott and Carlos Lopez-Cantera won the general election against Crist and Annette Taddeo-Goldstein by 64,000 votes. The Libertarian candidates, Adrian Wyllie and Greg Roe, received 223,356 votes.
|Florida Primary Election 2014|
|Republican||Yinka Abosede Adeshina||16,761||1.8%|
|Republican||Rick Scott/Carlos Lopez-Cantera||2,865,343||48.1%|
|Democratic||Charlie Crist/Annette Taddeo-Goldstein||2,801,198||47.1%|
|Libertarian||Adrian Wyllie/Greg Roe||223,356||3.8%|
|Independent||Glenn Burkett/Jose Augusto Matos||41,341||0.7%|
|Independent||Farid Khavari/Lateresa A. Jones||20,186||0.3%|
Governor of Florida
Scott was inaugurated as Governor of Florida on January 4, 2011. In a 2018 analysis of Scott’s tenure as Florida’s Governor, the Tampa Bay Times wrote that the cornerstone of Scott’s legacy was his “singular focus on jobs” and that he would “be remembered chiefly for leading his state out of the Great Recession.” The Times wrote that Scott had killed a high-speed rail system that would have linked Tampa to Orlando, reversed his stance on Medicaid expansion, and become the first governor who was sued successfully for violating public records laws. Scott exercised the death penalty more than any governor in Florida history.
During Hurricane Irma, he led Florida through the largest mass evacuation in U.S. history. Unemployment, taxpayer debt, and crime declined statewide during Scott’s tenure. He signed a repeal of Florida’s 1985 growth management laws, reduced funding for water management districts, reduced oversight at the Florida Department of Environmental Protection, and supported increased funding for Everglades restoration. Scott supported permanent tax cuts and “focused on job numbers rather than on running state agencies or making sweeping policy changes.”
Under Scott, Florida’s job creation far outpaced the rest of the nation, while wages were below-average and poverty rates were above-average. During Scott’s tenure as governor, Florida employers created nearly 1.5 million jobs, and the state’s employment grew 20.3 percent, compared to 12.5 percent growth for the U.S. as a whole. Florida’s household income is lower than the national average, with a widening gap. At 15.8%, the state’s poverty rate is above the national rate of 14.7%.
On February 16, 2011, Scott rejected $2.3 billion in federal funding to develop high-speed rail between Tampa and Orlando. Scott cited California’s experience with high-speed rail, namely much lower than expected ridership and cost overruns that doubled the final price. In response, a veto-proof majority in the Florida Senate approved a letter rebuking Scott and asking the Department of Transportation to continue funding.
On March 1, 2011, two state senators filed a petition with the Florida Supreme Court to compel Scott to accept the rail funds on the grounds Scott lacked constitutional authority to reject funds which had been approved by a prior legislature. On March 4, the Florida Supreme Court held that Scott’s rejection of the rail funds did not violate the Constitution of Florida.
In March 2011, Scott moved to have the Florida Department of Transportation amend its work plan to include $77 million for dredging PortMiami to a depth of 50 feet. Once the port is dredged, Panamax-sized vessels coming through the expanded Panama Canal could load and unload cargo there.
In 2018, Scott reversed course and supported a high-speed rail project between Tampa and Orlando when the company All Aboard Florida sought to get taxpayer-backed funding from state and federal governments. Scott and his wife had invested at least $3 million in the parent company of All Aboard Florida. All Aboard Florida had also given extensive support to Scott’s political campaigns.
Drug testing for welfare recipients
In June 2011, Scott signed a bill requiring those seeking welfare under the federal Temporary Assistance for Needy Families program to submit to drug screenings. Applicants who fail a drug test may name another person to receive benefits for their children.
In an interview with CNN host Don Lemon, Scott said, “Studies show that people that are on welfare are higher users of drugs than people not on welfare” and “the bottom line is, if they’re not using drugs, it’s not an issue”. PolitiFact said this comment was “half true”. Government researchers in 1999–2000 reported “that 9.6 percent of people in families receiving some type of government assistance reported recent drug use, compared to 6.8 percent among people in families receiving no government assistance at all.”
Preliminary figures from Florida’s program showed that 2.5% of applicants tested positive for drugs, with 2% declining to take the test, while the Justice Department estimated that around 6% of Americans use drugs overall. The law was declared unconstitutional, with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eleventh Circuit upholding that ruling in December 2014. The Scott administration declined to appeal the decision to the US Supreme Court.
Scott has been a harsh critic of the Affordable Care Act, also known as Obamacare, but in his 2018 Senate campaign stopped harshly criticizing the bill. In 2017, Scott said that individuals with preexisting conditions should be protected. In June 2018, when the Trump administration sought to remove provisions of the Affordable Care Act protecting individuals with preexisting conditions, Scott declined to criticize the administration. Scott said that he did not know enough about it to comment.
Scott has taken a number of positions on Medicaid expansion. For much of his first term as governor, Scott was against Medicaid expansion in Florida, saying it was too costly. In 2013, he came out in support of Medicaid expansion, and reiterated his support in 2014 when he was up for re-election. After getting re-elected, Scott reversed his position and adamantly fought against efforts by the Florida Senate to pass Medicaid expansion in 2015.
After voters approved a constitutional amendment to legalize medical marijuana, Scott signed a bill passed by the Legislature which allowed the use of medical marijuana but not smokeable medical marijuana. A judge ruled the ban on smokeable medical marijuana unconstitutional. Scott appealed the decision.
Scott disputes the scientific consensus on anthropogenic climate change, saying “I’m not a scientist“. The quote or paraphrases thereof became talking points for some Republican political candidates in the 2014 election campaigns. The political blog Daily Kos proposed a new category for Scott, “climate-change mutism”, for “those unable to express an opinion.”
When questioned by the press on March 9, 2015 in Hialeah, Florida, Scott did not indicate whether or not he believes global warming is a problem or whether Florida’s Department of Environmental Protection has made or is making preparations for its potential consequences.
In March 2015, accusations were made that his administration had instructed Department of Environmental Protection officials to avoid the terms “climate change” or “global warming” in any official communications. Scott denied the claims that his administration had banned the terms.
In the 2010 elections, Florida voters passed constitutional amendments banning gerrymandering of congressional and legislative districts. In February 2011, Scott withdrew a request to the United States Department of Justice to approve these amendments, which, according to The Miami Herald, might delay the implementation of the redistricting plan because the Voting Rights Act requires preclearance of state laws likely to affect minority representation. Scott said he wanted to make sure the redistricting was carried out properly.
In 2013, Scott signed the Timely Justice Act (HB 7101) to overhaul the processes for capital punishment in Florida. The Supreme Court of the United States struck down part of this law in January 2016 in Hurst v. Florida, declaring, in an 8–1 decision, that a judge determining the aggravating facts to be used in considering a death sentence with only a non-binding recommendation from the jury based on a majority vote was insufficient and violated the Sixth Amendment guarantee of a jury trial.
The Florida Legislature passed a new statute to comply with Hurst v. Florida, changing the sentencing method to require a 10-juror supermajority for a sentence of death with a life sentence as the alternative. This new sentencing scheme, however, was struck down by the Florida Supreme Court in a 5–2 ruling in October 2016, which held that a death sentence must be issued by a unanimous jury. The Florida Supreme Court ruled the law “cannot be applied to pending prosecutions” which means that until the Florida legislature acts, there is no procedure or law allowing a prosecutor to seek the death penalty; it leaves open,[clarification needed] however, the status of sentences passed under the twice-struck down provisions, also left open by the January 2016 United States Supreme Court Hurst decision. The Court granted Hurst a new sentencing hearing following the same Supreme Court decision.
As of February 2018, Scott had an A+ rating from the National Rifle Association (NRA), indicating a record of supporting gun rights. The NRA stated in 2014 that Scott “signed more pro-gun bills into law – in one term – than any other Governor in Florida history”
In 2011, Scott signed the Firearm Owners’ Privacy Act (informally called “Docs vs. Glocks”), which made it illegal for doctors and mental health professionals to ask patients about their gun ownership unless they believed “that this information is relevant to the patient’s medical care or safety, or the safety of others.” Provisions of the law, including the part forbidding doctors from asking about a patient’s gun ownership, were struck down as unconstitutional in 2017 by a Federal appeals court.
In February 2018, after the Stoneman Douglas High School shooting in Parkland, Florida, Scott stated his support of raising the minimum age to purchase any firearm from 18 to 21; at the time of the shooting, 21 was the minimum age to buy a handgun, but rifles could be purchased at age 18. Scott announced his support of a ban on bump stocks. Scott also stated, “I want to make it virtually impossible for anyone who has mental issues to use a gun,” requesting $500 million in funds for mental health and school safety programs. In March 2018, the Florida Legislature passed a bill titled the Marjory Stoneman Douglas High School Public Safety Act which incorporated many of the issues Scott supported. It raised the minimum age for buying firearms to 21, established waiting periods and background checks, provided a program for the arming of some teachers and the hiring of school police, banned bump stocks, and barred potentially violent or mentally unhealthy people arrested under certain laws from possessing guns. In all, it allocated around $400 million. Scott signed the bill into law on March 9. That same day, the National Rifle Association (NRA) filed a lawsuit in federal court, challenging the law’s provision banning gun sales to people under 21. An NRA spokesman said, “We filed a lawsuit against the state for violating the constitutional rights of 18- to 21-year-olds.”
Scott’s handling of Hurricane Irma boosted his profile in advance of his U.S. Senate campaign, with The Hill writing that his “aggressive approach to Irma, which saw him order an extensive evacuation ahead of the storm and coordinate disaster relief efforts as the storm came ashore, has sent his political stock even higher” and that Scott’s “preparedness has impressed Republicans and some Democrats.”
An investigation by WFOR-TV found that after Hurricane Irma, Scott ignored existing debris removal contracts and instead issued emergency contracts for hurricane clean-up efforts. Florida state officials sent an email to several companies on September 11 inviting them to hand in bids for debris clean-up by the next day. On September 13, state officials decided to use the services of MCM and Community Asphalt, two firms owned by individuals who are major contributors to the Republican Party and Scott’s campaigns. According to the television station, the emergency contracts cost $28 to $30 million more than the existing contracts. 
Scott frequently sought to implement voter IDs as Florida Governor, with numerous courts ruling against him in voting rights cases. Scott has signed into law bills that created barriers to registering new voters, limited early voting, ended early voting on the Sunday before Election Day (known as “souls to the polls” in African-American churches), and restricted the ability of ex-felons to restore their voting rights. In 2012, Scott attempted to purge non-citizens from voter rolls just prior to the election; a court stopped Scott from doing so, and it was revealed that legitimate voters were on the voter rolls. The Tampa Bay Times noted that under Scott’s tenure, Florida had the longest voting lines of any state in the 2012 election. After harsh criticism, Scott expanded early voting hours, and allowed early voting on the Sunday before Election Day.
In 2016, Scott refused to extend registration deadlines after ordering evacuations due to Hurricane Matthew; courts ultimately extended the deadline. Scott signed legislation into law which rejected mail ballots where signatures on the ballet envelope did not match signatures in files; in 2016 a court struck down the law. In 2014, Scott blocked a request by the city of Gainesville to use a facility at the University of Florida as a site for early voting. In July 2018, a judge ruled against Scott’s prohibition of early voting on campus, saying that Scott’s ban showed a “stark pattern of discrimination.” In 2013, Scott ordered Pinellas County to close down sites where voters could submit mail ballots. In 2012, a court ruled that Scott could not place heavy fines on groups that registered voters but failed to submit the registrations within 48 hours.
Scott rolled automatic restoration of rights for nonviolent crimes, giving former felons a five- to six-year waiting period before they can apply for a restoration of voting rights. Of the approximately 30,000 applications from former felons to have their voting rights restored during Scott’s tenure, Scott approved approximately 3,000. A 2018 investigation by the Palm Beach Post found that during his governorship, Scott restored the voting rights of three times as many white men as black men, and that blacks accounted only for 27% of those granted voting righs despite blacks being 43% of those released from state prisons in the past twenty years. The percentage of blacks among those whose voting rights were restored was the lowest in more than 50 years, and Scott restored a higher share of Republican voting rights than Democrat voting rights than in almost 50 years. A clemency board set up by Scott held hearings on applications, but there were no standards on how to judge the worthiness of individual applications. In March 2017, seven former felons filed a class action lawsuit arguing that the clemency board’s decisions were inconsistent, vague and political.
In February 2018, a U.S. District Court described Scott’s process as arbitrary and unconstitutional, and ruled that Scott had to create a new process to restore felons’ voting rights. The ruling said that Scott and his clemency board had “unfettered discretion” to deny voting rights “for any reason,” and that “to vote again, disenfranchised citizens must kowtow before a panel of high-level government officials over which Florida’s governor has absolute veto authority. No standards guide the panel. Its members alone must be satisfied that these citizens deserve restoration.” The Brennan Center for Justice described the clemency rules issued by Scott in 2011 as among the most restrictive in the country.
Immigration and refugees
In 2010, Scott ran for Governor as an immigration hard-liner. At the time, he favored similar laws as Arizona’s controversial Arizona SB 1070 which targeted illegal immigrants, and criticized Florida lawmakers for not being tougher on illegal immigrants. Scott called for police to check individuals’ immigration status. By 2014, PolitiFact wrote that Scott had “abandoned promises to get tough on illegal immigration.” Over time, Scott has moderated his views on immigration. In 2011, Scott opposed giving in-state tuition for illegal immigrants, but reversed course in 2014 and signed a bill giving DREAMers in-state tuition in an effort to place limits on how much state institutions can raise tuition each year. In 2013, Scott vetoed legislation that would have given DACA-eligible immigrants the ability to obtain temporary driving licenses. By 2018, he spoke in favor of giving DREAMers a path to citizenship.
In June 2018, Scott opposed the Trump administration family separation policy, which involved separating children from their parents, relatives, or other adults who accompanied them in crossing the border, sending the parents to federal jails and placing children and infants under the supervision of the U.S. Department of Health and Human Services. In a letter to United States Secretary of Health and Human Services Secretary Alex Azar, Scott wrote: “I have been very clear that I absolutely do not agree with the practice of separating children from their families. This practice needs to stop now.”
Scott’s administration awarded Comprehensive Health Services, Inc. (CHSi) a tax incentive package of $600,000 to expand in Cape Canaveral, Florida. CHSi runs the Homestead Temporary Shelter for Unaccompanied Children which detains minor migrants, including those separated from families at the border.
In his 2010 gubernatorial campaign, Scott vowed to expand school choice. PolitiFact rated this a “Promise Kept” due to Scott’s push to expand school choice as governor. School choice legislation signed by Scott includes the creation of the Hope Scholarship Program, which subsidizes the cost of private school or allows a transfer to another public school for students who were bullied. In 2016, Scott signed a bill allowing parents to pick any public school in the state for their children, regardless of traditional attendance lines or county boundaries.
In 2017, Scott signed a $419 million public school bill that included charter school expansion. The bill was supported by House Republicans, school choice proponents, and conservative political groups and it was opposed by superintendents, school boards, parent groups, and teachers unions.
In December 2012, Scott announced a plan to encourage students to pursue majors in engineering and science by reducing tuition for some majors.
During the summer of 2017, Scott signed a bill (HB 989 and SB 1210) that would allow any Florida resident to “challenge the use or adoption of instructional materials” in public schools.” Proponents of the bill argue that the bill will allow parents to be more proactive in their child’s education. Opponents of the bill argue that the bill will allow more censorship, especially for scientific topics like global warming and evolution.
In the 2016 Republican primaries, Scott endorsed Trump after Trump won the Florida primary. Scott chaired a pro-Trump super PAC in the 2016 election. Unlike many other establishment Republicans, Scott praised then-candidate Trump as tough on terrorism and as an outsider during the 2016 Republican convention. Trump and Scott have a friendship that goes back decades.
When Trump “sparred with the Muslim father of a slain U.S. soldier,” Scott said “I’m never going to agree with every candidate on what they’re going to say.” When the Donald Trump Access Hollywood tape was publicized, in which Trump spoke of grabbing women “by the pussy,” Scott rebuked Trump, saying “I’m not following politics closely right now, but this is terrible. I don’t agree with anyone talking like this about anyone, ever.”
After months of speculation about a potential run, Scott officially announced on April 9, 2018, that he would challenge incumbent Democratic U.S. Senator Bill Nelson in the 2018 election. Scott defeated Rocky De La Fuente in the Republican primary. In the general election, Scott’s involvement in a large Medicare fraud case stirred controversy. Scott responded with ads accusing his opponent Bill Nelson of having cut Medicare benefits and stolen from Medicare; fact-checkers found that both of Scott’s assertions were false. During the campaign, Scott called Nelson a “socialist”, an assertion PolitiFact described as “pants-on-fire” false.
During the campaign, Scott sought to avoid mentioning President Trump and at times criticized or distanced himself from actions of the Trump administration, whereas in the past used his friendship with Trump to boost his profile and been an early and vocal supporter of Trump in 2016. According to The Tampa Bay Times, Scott speaks to President Trump every one or two weeks. Trump endorsed Scott in his Senate bid.
On November 18, 2018, after a machine recount and a manual recount, Nelson conceded the race to Scott.
The Senate term for the 116th Congress began on January 3, 2019; however, Scott’s term as Governor ended on January 8. On December 4, 2018, Scott’s office announced that he would finish his full term as governor and would not resign early. Senate Majority Leader Mitch McConnell held a ceremony to swear Scott in as a US Senator on the afternoon of January 8, 2019, after his term as governor officially expired. Scott attended the ceremonial swearing-in of his successor as governor Ron DeSantis on the morning of January 8, 2019, in front of Florida’s historic Old Capitol. Scott left the ceremony earlier to fly to Washington, DC, and was sworn-in to the Senate by Vice President Mike Pence later that afternoon.
In January 2019, Scott encouraged President Trump to declare a national emergency to build a border wall if Congress would not give him the funds to do so. In February 2019 when Trump declared a national emergency, Scott said he applauded the decision.
Rick Scott serves on the following five committees:
- Armed Services
- Commerce, Science and Transportation
- Homeland Security and Governmental Affairs
Net worth and investments
Scott’s net worth was estimated at US$219 million in 2010, $84 million in 2012, and $133 million in 2013.
On July 1, 2015, it was reported that Scott’s net worth had grown to $147 million, $149 million on December 31, 2016, and $232 million on December 31, 2017. As of August 2018, his net worth is estimated at $255 million.
Creation of “blind trust”
Early in gubernatorial tenure, Scott said he created a blind trust for his holdings to avoid the appearance of a conflict of interest. In October 2018, The New York Times reported that the blind trust in question was blind in name only, and that there were various ways in which Scott could know what his precise holdings were. The holdings in question included investments in companies and funds that Scott could have had an impact on through his administration’s policies. The trust in question was managed by one of Scott’s business associates from before he became a governor.
In February 2019, Scott announced that he would no longer keep his holdings in a blind trust.
In 2017, Scott and his wife held stocks in firms that did business with the Maduro regime in Venezuela and a shipping firm with close ties to the Putin regime in Russia. Scott himself had been a harsh critic of the Maduro regime and chastised companies that invested in Venezuela, saying “Any organization that does business with the Maduro regime cannot do business with the state of Florida.” By 2018, Scott and his wife no longer held stocks in the firms with links to the Maduro and Putin regimes.
In a July 2018 financial disclosure statement, Scott and his wife reported earnings of at least $2.9 million in hedge funds registered in the Cayman Islands, a well-known tax haven. The financial statement said that the assets were held in a blind trust and a 2018 campaign spokesperson said Scott did not have a role in selecting particular investments.
Scott and his wife invested at least $3 million in the parent company of All Aboard Florida, a rail investment company that proposed to build high-speed rail between Orlando and Tampa. In 2018, Scott supported the efforts of the company to build the rail and get taxpayer-financing. Scott had previously, early in his tenure as Governor, rejected $2.3 billion in federal funding to develop high-speed rail between Tampa and Orlando.
Scott was an investor in the firm Conduent Inc., which was awarded a $287 million Florida contract in 2015 to manage SunPass, the toll program in the state of Florida. Due to glitches in SunPass, motorists were charged bank fees and overdraft charges, and the Department of Transportation in Florida came under criticism for failing to take action. Scott himself defended the Florida Department of Transportation handling of the SunPass controversy.
Awards and honors
- Time magazine, America’s 25 Most Influential People, June 1996
- Financial World magazine, silver award for the CEO of the Year, 1995
- Columbia University School of Nursing, Second Century Award for Excellence in Health Care (1995)
- Due to Ron DeSantis and Jeannette Núñez taking their oath of office ahead of time, they became governor and lieutenant governor at midnight on January 8, rather than waiting for the inaugural ceremony. Thus, Scott’s and Lopez-Cantera’s terms ended at the end of January 7.
- “DeSantis already governor when ceremony begins”. Tampa Bay Times. January 5, 2019. Retrieved January 9, 2019.
- Bousquet, Steve; Klas, Mary Ellen (July 27, 2018). “Rick Scott reveals highest-ever family assets of at least $255 million”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved August 27, 2018.
- “Summary of Information on Rick Scott”. Thepoliticalguide.com. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- “Oh, if only Florida had a governor who liked businesspeople”. Blogs.orlandosentinel.com. Archived from the original on November 4, 2011. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Greenwood, Max (December 4, 2018). “Rick Scott delays Senate swearing-in ceremony”. The Hill. Retrieved December 4, 2018.
- “Hospital Corporation of America: Learning from Past Mistakes?” (PDF). Daniels Fund Ethics Initiative, University of New Mexico. Retrieved September 9, 2016.
- “Rick Scott ‘oversaw the largest Medicare fraud’ in U.S. history, Florida Democratic Party says”. @politifact. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- “Gov. Rick Scott sued over wealth disclosure”. Orlando Sentinel. November 9, 2017. Retrieved May 6, 2018.
- Glorioso, Alexandra; Caputo, Marc (August 30, 2018). “Democrats: Medicare fraud is ‘fungus’ Scott will never get rid of”. Politico. Retrieved 26 October 2018.
- Smith, Ben (April 13, 2010). “Health Care Figure Running for Florida Governor”. Politico. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Editor-at-large, Analysis by Chris Cillizza, CNN. “Why Rick Scott’s Senate candidacy is very, very good news for Republicans”. Retrieved November 8, 2018.CS1 maint: Extra text: authors list (link)
- Smolenyak, Megan (September 17, 2018). “One Less Secret for Rick Scott”. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- “RICK SCOTT – Fort Myers Florida Weekly”. July 9, 2014. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- “Rick Scott the TV image well known, Rick Scott the man is not” Archived April 30, 2013, at the Wayback Machine; accessed March 8, 2014.
- M.C. Moewe (April 17, 2006). “Ex-Columbia chief helps grow Solantic”. Jacksonville Business Journal. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Obituary for Esther Scott; accessed March 8, 2014.
- Montgomery, Ben. “Young Rick Scott recalled as driven, frugal, studious, focused”. Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on June 7, 2013. Retrieved November 12, 2012.
- Hornick, Ed (August 25, 2010). “Who is Florida’s Rick Scott?”. CNN. Retrieved August 2, 2014.
- “Time 25”. Time Magazine. June 17, 1996.
- Rick Scott biography Archived October 19, 2011, at the Wayback Machine, rickscottforflorida.com; accessed June 7, 2014.
- Profile, State Bar of Texas website; accessed June 7, 2014.
- Bousquet, Steve. “Rick Scott, the TV image is well known, Rick Scott, the man, is not”. Tampa Bay Times. Archived from the original on February 15, 2017. Retrieved February 19, 2018.
- Leary, Alex. “Rick Scott raising money in Texas”. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- Milt Freudenheim (October 4, 1993). “Largest Publicly Held Hospital Chain Is Planned”. New York Times.
- Floyd Norris (October 6, 1994). “Efficiencies of scale are taken to the nth degree at Columbia”. New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Kathryn Jones (November 21, 1993). “A Hospital Giant Comes to Town, Bringing Change”. New York Times.
- “Hospital Corp. Bid Is Dropped”. The New York Times. April 22, 1987.
- Milt Freudenheim (October 5, 1993). “The Hospital World’s Hard-Driving Money Man”. The New York Times.
- “HCA Board Takes No Action on $3.85 Billion Takeover Bid”. Associated Press. April 17, 1987.
- Kelman, Brett (August 16, 2018). “HCA: From single hospital to health care behemoth”. Tennessean.com. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
- Eichenwald, Kurt (July 26, 1997). “2 Leaders Are Out at Health Giant as Inquiry Goes On”. The New York Times. Retrieved October 26, 2018.
- “U.S. Expands Search of Columbia/HCA in Texas”. The New York Times.
- Eichenwald, Kurt (July 1997). “2 Leaders are out at health giant as inquiry goes on”. The New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- “Columbia/HCA reports warned Rick Scott of potential legal problems”. TampaBay. Archived from the original on May 2, 2013. Retrieved December 23, 2013.
- Korten, Tristram (September 30, 2009). “Rick Scott profits off the uninsured”. Salon. Archived from the original on May 11, 2010. Retrieved December 18, 2018.
- “Hospital Firm Ousts Its Founder; Columbia/Hca Tries To Stop Slide”. Thefreelibrary.com. July 26, 1997. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Moewe, M.C. (April 17, 2006). “Ex-Columbia chief helps grow Solantic”.
- Amy Sherman (June 17, 2014). “Rick Scott took the 5th Amendment 75 times, Democratic party ad says”. Politifact.com. Retrieved 19 November 2018.
- Ackman, Dan. “Disaster Of The Day: HCA”. Forbes. Retrieved 2018-10-26.
- Julie Appleby (December 18, 2002). “HCA to settle more allegations for $631M”. USA Today.
- “Accomplishments of the Department of Justice 2001–09” (PDF). Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- Sherman, Amy. “Rick Scott ‘oversaw the largest Medicare fraud in the nation’s history’, Florida Democratic Party says”. Retrieved November 6, 2014.
- Drew Ruble, “Great Scott” Archived August 9, 2009, at the Wayback Machine, businesstn.com, July 2006; retrieved June 23, 2009.
- LLC, Richard L. Scott Investments. “Richard L. Scott Investments Completes Acquisition of ThyssenKrupp Budd Company’s Plastics Division with Portfolio Company Continental Structural Plastics”. prnewswire.com. Retrieved October 10, 2016.
- Lisa Sibley (July 28, 2008). “Alijor’s online directory of providers growing”. San Jose Business Journal. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- “25 Emerging Companies”, NashvillePost.com, December 1, 2002; retrieved June 23, 2009.
- “Former Columbia/HCA official gains $9.9 million in severances”. Oklahoma City Journal Record. November 14, 1997. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Lisa Napoli (February 22, 1999). “Where Dr. Spock Meets ‘E.R.’ on Line”. New York Times. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- Jill Krueger (June 4, 1999). “AHN getting `fit’ with Fox TV; Cable start-up gets backing, distribution muscle with network merger”. Orlando Business Journal.
- Linda Moss (January 8, 2001). “News Corp. Gets All of Health Network”. Multichannel News. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- “Discovery snaps up rival health network”. Media Life Magazine. September 4, 2001.
- Urvaksh Karkaria (August 15, 2007). “Solantic to expand well beyond state: The urgent-care center is planning to open 35 more clinics by the end of 2009”. Jacksonville Times-Union. Archived from the original on March 4, 2016. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Phil Galewitz (April 1, 2009). “Bethesda hospital, Solantic to open urgent care center”. Palm Beach Post. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Tristram Korten (October 10, 2009). “A healthcare reform foe’s alleged history of discrimination”. Salon.com. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- “Pharmaca gets equity to expand store base”. Chain Drug Review. December 15, 2003.
- Dan Eggen, “Ex-Hospital CEO Battles Reform Effort”, Washington Post, May 11, 2009.
- Barrett, Stephen (August 14, 2009). “Viosan Health Generation Making Shady Claims”. Quackwatch. Retrieved January 29, 2016.
- Mullins, Brody; Kilman, Scott (February 26, 2009). “Lobbyists Line Up to Torpedo Speech Proposals”. The Wall Street Journal. Retrieved April 2, 2009.
- Edward Lee Pitts (March 28, 2009). “Conservatives worry that the cost of a government health plan can go in only one direction”. World Magazine.
- Catherine Whittenburg (August 24, 2010). “Scott claims victory in Republican governor’s race”. The Tampa Tribune.
- “Is Rick Scott the top Republican governor candidate on Facebook?”. Politifact. St. Petersburg Times, Miami Herald. April 22, 2010. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Smith, Adam C. (May 7, 2010). “Rick Scott, multimillionaire political rookie, gunning to be governor of Florida”. St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on July 12, 2010. Retrieved June 29, 2010.
- Scott for Florida (April 13, 2010). “Accountable”. YouTube. Retrieved June 24, 2010.
- Caputo, Marc. “Bill McCollum’s attacks on rival Rick Scott clash with record”. Miami Herald. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- “Orlando Sentinel, “Governor’s Race: Rick, Scott, Alex Sink save harshest word for last debate““. Articles.orlandosentinel.com. October 26, 2010. Retrieved May 30, 2011.
- CNBC (2018-04-09). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott is running for Senate”. CNBC. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- Florida Governor race for 2010, Florida Election Watch webpage; accessed August 16, 2015.
- Florida Division of Elections website; accessed June 7, 2014.
- “Gov. Scott: I’ll run again in 2014”. Ocala.com. Retrieved January 23, 2014.
- “Scott campaign, committee collect $1.3M”. Clearwater Gazette. May 15, 2014. Archived from the original on July 14, 2014. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- “Let’s Get to Work: Campaign Finance Activity”. Florida Division of Elections. Archived from the original on September 30, 2013. Retrieved June 6, 2014.
- Aaron Deslatte (June 8, 2014). “Gov. Scott’s ad blitz aims to hit Crist early”. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Gary Fineout (September 1, 2014). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott and ex-Gov. Charlie Crist bash each other as campaigns kick into gear”. The Republic. Archived from the original on September 14, 2014. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Marc Caputo (September 21, 2014). “With $50 million in TV ad spending, Rick Scott-Charlie Crist race is one big marketing campaign”. Miami Herald. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Marc Caputo (October 22, 2014). “Scott says he will write his campaign a personal check, after all, but won’t say how much”. Miami Herald. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Stein, Letitia (July 30, 2014). “In Florida governor’s race, Democrat woos crucial black vote”. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- “The race for the governor of florida”. Before You Vote. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- Parti, Tarini (October 16, 2014). “Rick Scott faces the ‘Fangate’ heat”. Politico. Retrieved December 22, 2014.
- “2014 General Election, November 4, 2014, Official Election Results: Governor”. Florida Election Watch. enight.elections.myflorida.com. Florida Department of State, Division of Elections. Archived from the original on December 12, 2014. Retrieved February 24, 2018.
- Bousquet, Steve (January 4, 2018). “Solitary man: What Rick Scott’s legacy as governor will look like”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Graves, Allison (April 10, 2018). “Create over 700,000 jobs”. Scott-O-Meter. PolitiFact. Retrieved 21 June 2018.
- Ostrowski, Jeff (January 9, 2018). “Florida economy in Rick Scott era: Success story or disappointment?”. Palm Beach Post. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Williams, Timothy. “Florida’s Governor Rejects High-Speed Rail Line, Fearing Cost to Taxpayers”, The New York Times, February 16, 2011; retrieved February 19, 2011.
- Tracy, Dan; Schlueb, Mark (March 1, 2011). “Two lawmakers ask high court to force Scott to take high-speed rail money”. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Kastenbaum, Steve. “Florida high-speed train project derailed; Court rules for Scott”, cnn.com, March 4, 2011; retrieved February 24, 2016.
- “Gov. Rick Scott promises $77 million for Port of Miami project”. Tampabay.com. May 30, 2011. Archived from the original on 2011-03-09. Retrieved June 7, 2014.
- “Rick Scott killed a high-speed rail plan. Then All Aboard rolled up and he bought it”. miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- “Florida governor signs welfare drug-screen measure”. CNN.com. June 1, 2011. Archived from the original on September 16, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- “Rick Scott says welfare recipients are more likely to use illicit drugs”. PolitiFact.com. June 9, 2011. Retrieved September 28, 2011.
- “Florida: Few Drug Users Among Welfare Applicants”. Associated Press. September 28, 2011.
- “Florida drops bid to require drug tests for welfare applicants”. CBSnews.com. Retrieved August 12, 2015.
- “Rick Scott wants to go back to denying coverage for pre-existing conditions, Charlie Crist says”. @politifact. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Leary, Alex. “Pre-existing conditions latest flashpoint in Nelson-Scott battle”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- “Scott mum on Trump’s attack on pre-existing condition provision”. Politico PRO. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Florida, Christine Sexton, News Service of. “Gov. Rick Scott won’t talk about Florida’s part in Obamacare lawsuit”. Orlando Weekly. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Greenberg, Jon (April 7, 2015). “Gov. Rick Scott shifts again on Medicaid expansion”. PolitiFact. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved April 13, 2018.
- “Lawyer: Florida governor should end medical marijuana appeal”. Associated Press. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- “Rick Scott talks pot, Donald Trump”. Florida Politics. 2018-06-13. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Koh, Elizabeth. “John Morgan tells Gov. Scott: Drop appeal in smokeable medical marijuana case”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Bousquet, Steve. “Battle rages between Rick Scott, John Morgan over smokable medical marijuana”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-06-14.
- Caputo, Marc (May 27, 2014). “Rick Scott won’t say if he thinks man-made climate-change is real, significant”. Miami Herald. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Kruse, Michael (September 3, 2014). “Cut short by Gov. Rick Scott, climate scientist finishes his thought”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Davenport, Coral (October 30, 2014). “Why Republicans Keep Telling Everyone They’re Not Scientists”. The New York Times. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- “Rick Scott’s evolves to ‘climate change-mutism’, refusing to take a position; he used to be a denier”. Daily Kos. May 27, 2014. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Goode, Darren (March 29, 2014). “Republicans on climate science: Don’t ask us”. Politico.com. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
- Stover, Dawn (June 26, 2014). “Did climate deniers just admit they don’t know what they’re talking about?”. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists. Retrieved March 21, 2015.
- Mazzei, Patricia (March 9, 2015). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott won’t say if global warming is a problem”. Miami Herald. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Clines, Francis X. (March 12, 2015). “The Political Art of Not Being a Scientist”. New York Times. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Mazzei, Patricia (March 9, 2015). “Florida governor denies environmental agency banned term ‘climate change‘“. Miami Herald. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Allen, Greg (March 11, 2015). “Florida Gov. Scott Denies Banning Phrase ‘Climate Change‘“. NPR. Retrieved March 17, 2015.
- Bosquet, Steve (March 20, 2015). “More ‘climate change’ silence from Florida Gov. Rick Scott’s administration”. Bradenton Herald. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- Rohrer, Gray (March 19, 2015). “Scott official avoids ‘climate change’ in Senate hearing”. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- “Did Rick Scott cut $700 million from water management?”. Politifact. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Florida, News Service of. “Gov. Scott declares emergency over toxic algae outbreaks”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Mark I. Pinsky (November 3, 2010). “Florida Voters Pass Milestone Measures to End Gerrymandering”. Politics Daily. Retrieved March 20, 2015.
- Steve Bousquet (January 25, 2011). “Scott moves to delay redistrict plan”. The Miami Herald. Retrieved February 24, 2016.
- Mary Ellen Klas (February 3, 2011). “Gov. Rick Scott sued over decision to halt federal review over redistricting standards”. St. Petersburg Times. Archived from the original on September 24, 2015. Retrieved August 16, 2015.
- “HB 7101”. Flsenate.gov. Florida State Senate. Retrieved March 15, 2016.
- Klas, Mary Ellen (June 14, 2016). “Gov. Rick Scott signs bill to speed up executions in Florida”. Miami Herald. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Liptak, Adam (January 12, 2016). “Supreme Court Strikes Down Part of Florida Death Penalty”. The New York Times. Retrieved February 3, 2016.
- Alvarez, Lizette (February 2, 2016). “Supreme Court Ruling Has Florida Scrambling to Fix Death Penalty Law”. The New York Times. Retrieved October 14, 2016.
- Berman, Mark (March 7, 2016). “Florida death penalty officially revamped after the Supreme Court struck it down”. Washington Post. Retrieved August 3, 2016.
- Klas, Mary Ellen; Ovalle, David (October 14, 2016). “Court again tosses state death penalty; ruling raises bar on capital punishment”. Miami Herald. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Farias, Cristian (October 25, 2016). “Florida’s Death Penalty Law Is Ruled Unconstitutional – Again”. Huffington Post. Retrieved October 15, 2016.
- Mower, Lawrence (February 20, 2018). “Scott hasn’t declared Senate candidacy, but his support of gun lobby draws attack ad”. Miami Herald. Miami, Florida. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- Hammer, Marion M. (June 23, 2014). “ALERT: Governor Rick Scott Makes History Signing 5 Pro-gun Bills”. NRA-ILA. National Rifle Association of America, Institute for Legislative Action. Retrieved February 23, 2018..
- Sherman, Amy (February 22, 2018). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott made it illegal for doctors to talk to patients about guns, TV ad says”. Politifact. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- Bowden, John (June 9, 2017). “Florida governor signs strengthened ‘stand your ground’ bill into law”. The Hill. Retrieved June 9, 2017.
- Mazzei, Patricia (February 23, 2018). “Florida Governor Rick Scott Backs Raising Age Limits on Assault Rifles”. New York Times. New York City. Retrieved February 23, 2018.
- Sweeney, Dan (March 7, 2018). “Florida House sends Stoneman Douglas gun and school bill to Gov. Scott”. Sun-Sentinel. Retrieved March 8, 2018.
- Sanchez, Ray; Yan, Holly (March 9, 2018). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott signs gun bill”. CNN. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Schweers, Jeffrey (March 9, 2018). “NRA sues Florida over gun bill same day Gov. Scott signed it into law”. Tallahassee Democrat. Retrieved March 10, 2018.
- Henry, Devin (September 13, 2017). “Rick Scott’s hurricane response boosts potential Senate run”. The Hill. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- DeFede, Jim (June 12, 2018). “Exclusive: Rick Scott’s ‘Rookie Mistake’ May Have Cost Taxpayers Millions”. CBS Miami. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- “Rick Scott has made enemies over voting rights – now it’s an issue in his Senate race”. miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-04-19.
- Bousquet, Steve. “A day after judge blasts state, counties act fast to hold early voting on campus”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
- Bousquet, Steve. “Judge: Florida’s early voting-on-campus ban shows ‘stark pattern of discrimination‘“. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-07-25.
- “In Florida, Long Fight for Restored Vote Often Ends in Minutes”. 2018-05-31. Retrieved 2018-06-02.
- Ramadan, Lulu. “Florida felon voting rights: Who got theirs back under Scott?”. The Palm Beach Post. Retrieved 2018-10-25.
- “Voting Rights Restoration Efforts in Florida | Brennan Center for Justice”. brennancenter.org. Retrieved 2018-06-20.
- Bousquet, Steve. “Rick Scott appears to support Curbelo’s immigration plan, but how would he vote?”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- Alvarez, Lizette. “Florida Republicans Unite to Pass Immigration Bill”. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- “Rating Gov. Rick Scott on his 2010 campaign promises”. PolitiFact Florida. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- “Rick Scott on Immigration”. www.ontheissues.org. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- “Florida Gov. Rick Scott Signs In-State Tuition Bill for ‘Dreamers‘“. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- News, A. B. C. (2013-06-05). “License Bill Vetoed Despite Support”. ABC News. Retrieved 2018-08-29.
- Caputo, Marc; Glorioso, Alexandra (June 19, 2018). “Scott slams Trump family separation policy, demands answers from HHS”. Politico. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- Bousquet, Steve; Leary, Alex (June 19, 2018). “Florida Republicans split on detaining children. Some stay with Trump, others object”. Miami Herald. Retrieved 20 June 2018.
- Iannelli, Jerry (2019-01-27). “Here’s a List of Companies Making Money From Miami’s Child-Migrant Detention Camp”. Miami New Times. Retrieved 2019-01-30.
- Ellenbogen, Romy (April 24, 2018). “Expand school options for parents”. Scott-O-Meter. PolitiFact. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Postal, Leslie (April 14, 2016). “Gov. Scott signs education bill that allows transfers to any school”. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Clark, Kristen; Gurney, Kyra (June 15, 2017). “Governor signs controversial schools bill into law”. Miami Herald. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- Postal, Leslie (June 15, 2017). “Gov. Scott signs controversial education bill at Orlando ceremony”. Orlando Sentinel. Retrieved June 21, 2018.
- “To Steer Students Toward Jobs, Florida May Cut Tuition for Select Majors”, nytimes.com, December 10, 2012; accessed June 7, 2014.
- “House Bill 989 (2017) – The Florida Senate”. flsenate.gov. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- “New Florida law lets any resident challenge what’s taught in science classes”. Washington Post. Retrieved July 20, 2017.
- Leary, Alex. “Once eager to tout Trump friendship, Rick Scott now plays it down”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- News, A. B. C. (2018-08-26). “In Florida Senate race, Rick Scott treads carefully around Trump”. ABC News. Retrieved 2018-08-27.
- Caputo, Marc; Lima, Cristiano (October 7, 2016). “Scott, Rubio rebuke Trump”. Politico. Retrieved 29 August 2018.
- Pathe, Simone (April 9, 2018). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott Announces Senate Campaign”. Roll Call. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- Mazzei, Patricia (April 9, 2018). “Rick Scott Senate Run Returns Florida to Battleground”. New York Times. Retrieved 13 April 2018.
- “Florida Primary Election Results”. The New York Times. Retrieved August 30, 2018.
- “Rick Scott wins GOP primary for Florida’s U.S. Senate seat; faces Bill Nelson Nov. 6”. Retrieved November 8, 2018.
- “Rick Scott’s campaign ad rebuts Democrats on Medicare fraud scandal – Florida Politics”. floridapolitics.com. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- “Democrats: Medicare fraud is ‘fungus’ Scott will never get rid of”. Politico PRO. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- “Nelson didn’t pay payroll taxes. He didn’t have to”. @politifact. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- “Gov. Rick Scott wrongly calls Sen. Bill Nelson a socialist”. @politifact. Retrieved 2018-09-29.
- “Scott wins Florida U.S. Senate seat after manual recount”. Reuters. Retrieved 2018-11-18.
- Brendan Farrington and Gary Fineout (January 8, 2019). “Republican DeSantis sworn in as Florida’s new governor”. Associated Press.CS1 maint: Uses authors parameter (link)
- Felicia Sonmez (January 8, 2019). “Florida’s Rick Scott sworn in as senator”. Washington Post.
- Powers, Scott. “Rick Scott: Donald Trump should use executive power on border”. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- Powers, Scott. “Rick Scott applauds Donald Trump’s decision to declare national emergency; Democrats rail”. Retrieved 2019-02-20.
- “Rick Scott is worth $83.8M, report shows”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- “Documents reveal Gov. Rick Scott net worth at least $132.7 million”. wesh.com. Retrieved October 23, 2014.
- Rick Scott’s net worth grows to $147 million, miamiherald.com; accessed August 16, 2015.
- Fineout, Gary (June 30, 2017). “Florida Gov. Rick Scott Worth Nearly $150 Million”. Associated Press.
- Schorsch, Peter. “Rick Scott’s new worth tops $232 million”. Florida Politics. Retrieved June 30, 2018.
- “To Avoid Conflicts, Rick Scott Created a Trust Blind in Name Only”. Retrieved 2018-10-17.
- Bousquet, Steve. “Revealed: Rick Scott’s financial link to botched SunPass contract”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2018-10-24.
- Contorno, Steve. “Rick Scott won’t put his wealth in a blind trust anymore”. Tampa Bay Times. Retrieved 2019-02-13.
- Bousquet, Steve (August 27, 2018). “Rick and Ann Scott’s financial trail leads to Cayman Islands tax haven”. Miami Herald. Retrieved August 29, 2018.
- “Florida Gov. Rick Scott’s trust held investment linked to Putin”. miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
- “Rick Scott told Florida not to invest in companies linked to Venezuela. But he did”. miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
- “Rick and Ann Scott’s financial trail leads to Cayman Islands tax haven”. miamiherald. Retrieved 2018-08-28.
- “Health Plan Exec Honored by Nursing School”. Columbia University Record. Columbia University. October 20, 1995. Retrieved April 5, 2009.
- Senator Rick Scott official U.S. Senate website
- Campaign website
- Rick Scott at Curlie
- Appearances on C-SPAN
- Biography at the Biographical Directory of the United States Congress
- Profile at Vote Smart
- Financial information (federal office) at the Federal Election Commission
- Legislation sponsored at the Library of Congress
|Party political offices|
| Republican nominee for Governor of Florida
Connie Mack IV
| Republican nominee for U.S. Senator from Florida
| Governor of Florida
| U.S. Senator (Class 1) from Florida
Served alongside: Marco Rubio
|U.S. order of precedence (ceremonial)|
| United States Senators by seniority
|116th||Senate: M. Rubio • R. Scott||House: A. Hastings • M. Díaz-Balart • D. Wasserman Schultz • V. Buchanan • G. Bilirakis • K. Castor • B. Posey • T. Deutch • D. Webster • F. Wilson • L. Frankel • T. Yoho • C. Crist • V Demings • N. Dunn • M. Gaetz • A. Lawson • B. Mast • S. Murphy • F. Rooney • J. Rutherford • D. Soto • D. Mucarsel-Powell • D. Shalala • R. Spano • G. Steube • M. Waltz|