Florida's 5th congressional district is a congressional district in the U.S. state of Florida. It extends along Florida's northern boundary from Jacksonville to Tallahassee. The district includes all of Baker, Gadsden, Hamilton and Madison counties and portions of Columbia, Duval, Jefferson, and Leon counties. It is a minority-majority district.
As defined by the state legislature in 2013 (which lasted until 2017), the 5th district ran from Jacksonville to
Orlando; it was considered one of the most- gerrymandered congressional districts in the country. Before 2013, similar territory was included the  3rd district.
From 2002 to 2013 the district comprised all of
Citrus, Hernando, and Sumter counties and most of Lake, Levy, and Pasco counties and portions of Marion and Polk counties. The district included northern exurbs of Tampa and western exurbs of Orlando within the high-growth Interstate 4 Corridor. This iteration of the 5th district is now largely contained in the 11th district.
The district is currently represented by
Democrat Al Lawson.
Historical district boundaries
Florida's 3rd Congressional District was renumbered to 5th Congressional District but was little changed in the redistricting process in 2012, still winding from Orlando in the south to central Jacksonville in the north.
From 1973 to 1993 the erstwhile 3rd district was based in
Orange County, including Walt Disney World and most of Orlando. The peculiar shape of the 3rd (now 5th) Congressional District dates from reapportionment done by the Florida Legislature after the 1990 U.S. Census. The 1993–2012 3rd Congressional District was geographically distinctive. Starting from the southern part of the district, it included the Pine Hills area of the Orlando-Kissimmee Metropolitan Area with small pockets of African-American neighborhoods in the cities of Sanford, Gainesville, Palatka, and finally the larger African American communities of Jacksonville. Connecting these areas were regions which are sparsely populated—either expansive rural areas or narrow strips which are only a few miles wide.    Barack Obama received 73% of the vote in this district in the 2008 Presidential election.
On July 11, 2014, Florida Circuit Court Judge
Terry Lewis ruled that this district, along with the neighboring District 10, had been drawn to favor the Republican party by packing black Democratic voters into District 5.  On August 1, Judge Lewis gave Florida's state legislature an Aug. 15 deadline to submit new congressional maps for those two districts. 
5th District Representative
Corrine Brown issued a statement blasting Lewis's decision on the district map as "seriously flawed," and  Congressional Black Caucus Chairwoman Marcia Fudge sent a sharply worded letter to Democratic Congressional Campaign Committee Chairman Steve Israel complaining about the party’s support for the lawsuit challenging Florida's district maps.
Brown said that "we will go all the way to the United States Supreme Court, dealing with making sure that African Americans are not disenfranchised."
Florida House Redistricting Chairman Richard Corcoran, a Republican, said that "consideration of political data is legally required" to ensure that district boundaries would not be so shifted as to not allow African-Americans a chance to elect representatives of their choice. 
On appeal, the Florida Supreme Court approved a redrawn version of District 5 on December 2, 2015. That plan went into effect for the 2016 elections.
The new district had a dramatically different shape than its predecessor. It now stretched in an east-west configuration along the Georgia border from downtown Jacksonville to Tallahassee. However, it was no less Democratic than its predecessor, as noted in the Florida Supreme Court's final opinion:
"With a black share of registered Democrats of 66.1%, the black candidate of choice is likely to win a contested Democratic primary, and with a Democratic registration advantage of 61.1% to 23.0% over Republicans, the Democratic candidate is likely to win the general election."
List of members representing the district
District created January 3, 1937
January 3, 1937 –
January 3, 1949
75th 76th 77th 78th 79th 80th
Elected in 1936. Re-elected in 1938. Re-elected in 1940. Re-elected in 1942. Re-elected in 1944. Re-elected in 1946. Retired.
January 3, 1949 –
January 3, 1967
81st 82nd 83rd 84th 85th 86th 87th 88th 89th
Elected in 1948. Re-elected in 1950. Re-elected in 1952. Re-elected in 1954. Re-elected in 1956. Re-elected in 1958. Re-elected in 1960. Re-elected in 1962. Re-elected in 1964. Re-elected in 1966. Redistricted to the .
January 3, 1967 –
January 3, 1969
Redistricted from the and 11th district re-elected in 1966. Retired.
Louis Frey Jr.
January 3, 1969 –
January 3, 1973
Elected in 1968. Re-elected in 1970. Redistricted to the .
January 3, 1973 –
January 3, 1975
Elected in 1972. Retired to run for U.S. senator.
January 3, 1975 –
January 3, 1981
94th 95th 96th
Elected in 1974. Re-elected in 1976. Re-elected in 1978. Lost renomination after involvement in the Abscam scandal.
January 3, 1981 –
January 3, 1993
97th 98th 99th 100th 101st 102nd
Elected in 1980. Re-elected in 1982. Re-elected in 1984. Re-elected in 196. Re-elected in 1988. Re-elected in 1990. Redistricted to the .
January 3, 1993 –
January 3, 2003
103rd 104th 105th 106th 107th
Elected in 1992. Re-elected in 1994. Re-elected in 1996. Re-elected in 1998. Re-elected in 2000. Lost re-election.
] data unknown/missing
January 3, 2003 –
January 3, 2011
108th 109th 110th 111th
Elected in 2002. Re-elected in 2004. Re-elected in 2006. Re-elected in 2008. Retired due to health problems.
January 3, 2011 –
January 3, 2013
Elected in 2010. Redistricted to the .
January 3, 2013 –
January 3, 2017
Redistricted from the
and 3rd district re-elected in 2012. Re-elected in 2014. Lost renomination after criminal indictment.
January 3, 2017 –
Elected in 2016. Re-elected in 2018.
Florida's 5th Congressional District Election (2018)
Al Lawson (Incumbent)
"Congressional Plan--SC14-1905 (Ordered by The Florida Supreme Court, 2-December-2015)" (PDF). Florida Senate Committee on Reapportionment . Retrieved . 11 January 2017
"Partisan Voting Index – Districts of the 115th Congress" (PDF). The Cook Political Report. April 7, 2017 . Retrieved . April 7, 2017
Ingraham, Christopher (May 15, 2014). "America's most gerrymandered congressional districts". washingtonpost.com . Retrieved . May 21, 2014
"Florida's 5th Congressional District". WJXT - Jacksonville. 24 July 2012 . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ a b
James, Frank (11 July 2014). "Florida Ruling Is A Primer On Redistricting Chicanery". NPR.org. National Public Radio . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
Leary, Alex (14 May 2011). "Democrat U.S. Rep. Corrine Brown again aligns with GOP in Florida redistricting battle". Tampa Bay Times . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
^ a b
Leary, Alex (10 July 2012). "Corrine Brown calls redistricting decision 'seriously flawed. Tampa Bay Times '" . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
Cotterell, Bill (5 August 2014). "Florida elections face uncertainty as congressional maps redrawn". Thomson Reuters. Reuters . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
Isenstadt, Alex (4 August 2014). "CBC, DCCC clash over Fla. redistricting suit". POLITICO.com. POLITICO LLC . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
Livingston, Abby (11 July 2012). "Florida Redistricting Ruling Gets Mixed Reactions From Democrats". Rollcall.com. CQ-Roll Call . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
Deslatte, Aaron (5 August 2014). "Florida Legislature: Don't talk to congressional members, political consultants". Orlando Sentinel . Retrieved . 5 August 2014
Dixon, Matt (December 2, 2015). "Siding with redistricting plaintiffs, top court upends political landscape". Politico Florida . Retrieved . May 18, 2016
Coordinates: 29°23′07″N 81°45′04″W / 29.38528°N 81.75111°W